Many homes in the Atlanta Metro Area are “off the grid” when it comes to wastewater. Instead of sending wastewater to a county or municipal sewage system, the waste flows into a septic tank. That works just fine, as long as you maintain your tank and keep it in good condition. Ignoring problems with a septic tank or mistreating it could land you in a pile of...well, you get the idea. That’s why we’re proud to welcome All Pro Rooter & Septic to the TrustDALE circle of excellence. All Pro provides all the service you need to keep your septic system working perfectly for many years to come.
Parts of a Septic System
A conventional gravity-flow septic system has three components that all need to work correctly to treat your wastewater: the septic tank, the drain field, and the surrounding soil.
The septic tank is a large rectangular or cylindrical tank that is buried underground. It can be made of concrete, plastic, or fiberglass. Typically, wastewater from all the drains in the house flows into the septic tank. This is an important point to take note of. Since all of your drains, not just the toilets, empty into the septic tank, you need to be careful about what and how much you send down the drain.
As wastewater flows into the septic tank, a tee or baffle slows the flow so that it does not disturb the pool inside the tank too much. Once the water is in the tank, the solids settle to the bottom. Lighter solids, like fat and grease, float to the top and form a layer of scum. An outlet tee allows the water, now free of solid waste, to flow out while keeping the scum floating in the tank.
From the tank, the gray water, now called effluent, flows out into a drain field. The drain field in a large area of buried pipes. The pipers are perforated and surrounded by the thick layer of gravel. As the water seeps out of the pipes, the gravel filters it further.
Finally, the last part of the septic system is the soil of the drain field. The effluent flows through the gravel and into the soil, the final step in its filtration.
Proper Use of a Septic System
To keep your septic system working for as long as possible, you need to use it properly. The first rule is to watch what you put into the system. A septic system is a bit fragile and can be clogged if you put things in it that cannot settle or decompose. Any chemicals, like solvents, oils, paint, and pesticides can harm your system and pollute groundwater. Grease, cooking fats, newspapers, paper towels, rags, coffee grounds, sanitary napkins, and cigarettes cannot easily decompose in the tank.
The second rule is to practice some water conservation. The less you put in, the better the system works and the less often it will need to be pumped.
The third rule is to avoid filling your septic system with runoff. Make sure that rainwater and other precipitation drains away from the septic tank and the drain field. Otherwise, the runoff could very quickly overwhelm your system.
Septic System Maintenance
To keep your septic system in its best condition, there are a few simple things you can do.
First, make sure to get your system inspected annually. An All Pro Rooter technician can perform a full inspection. If your drain field has inspection pipes, you can check your drain field yourself. A liquid level that is consistently over six inches could indicate problems with your system. You can also look around the surface of the drain field area. Look for wet spots, areas of lush growth, odors, or surfacing sewage.
Second, get your septic tanks pumped regularly. Waiting too long between pumpings can cause damage to the entire system.
Third, take care of what goes over your septic system. Don’t drive heavy vehicles over the system and never pave over a septic system. You need the soil to be loose and aerated, not compacted.
Finally, never enter a septic tank. It may contain toxic gases, and a lack of oxygen in the tank could be fatal. Always maintain a system from outside, and hire a professional for any major servicing.
Getting Professional Help
All Pro Rooter is here to keep your septic system healthy. They do regular maintenance, pumping, and repair work. So if your septic system is acting up, just call All Pro Rooter or any of our other TrustDALE certified septic professionals. They’ll be happy to help, and you can rest easy with Dale’s Make-it-Right Guarantee™.